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Introduction to the Lydian Language: History, Epigraphy, Phraseology, Etymology Romain Garnier (University of Limoges, EHIC)

Lydian (glottocode : xld) is a small Anatolian language from the first millennium BC, known through around a hundred inscriptions, mostly funerary. This fragmented language (German Trümmersprache) also includes three “political” or “contractual” inscriptions, as well as about ten inscriptions referred to as “poetic”, the details of which largely elude us. Nevertheless, this obscure language was that of the legendary King Croesus (from –560 to –547 BC), the wealthiest man of his time and the last king of Lydia, before his prosperous kingdom fell into the hands of the Achaemenids in –547 BC to become a Persian satrapy (following a period of Anatolian expansion between –680 and –560 BC).

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