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Old Norse – Alessia Bauer (EPHE–PSL, HISTARA)
Old Norse (glottocode: oldn1244) was the language spoken by the peoples of northern Europe (in present-day Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland as well as in the Scandinavian colonies) from the Viking Age (ca. 780–1050) until the central Middle Ages. It is particularly in the variant of Old Icelandic that a very rich literary production is attested in medieval manuscripts, which gave rise to genres unknown elsewhere, notably the sagas or skaldic poetry.