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Middle Persian: Language of exegesis and language of science – Samra Azarnouche (EPHE–PSL, CeRMI)
Middle Persian (or Pahlavi, glottocode: pahl1241), a Middle Iranian language, is one of the main languages of Late-Antiquity Iran. As the official language of the Sassanid Empire (third to seventh centuries CE), Middle Persian was used for exegeses of the sacred texts of the Zoroastrian religion and scientific exchanges. Middle Persian is attested through a diverse corpus, including rock inscriptions, archival documents, and Zoroastrian mythological and doctrinal texts.